The Toxic Landscape of Johannesburg's Gold Mines WIRED
More than a century of gold mining has left towering piles of bleached mine waste, known as quot;tailings,quot; all over Johannesburg's landscape. Discovery of gold in the region in 1886 led to the township's founding and transformed a small, isolated farming community into South Africa's largest city.
South Africa hasn't protected residents from gold mine
South Africa has failed to protect residents affected by pollution from contaminated water and mine dumps over more than 130 years of gold mining near Johannesburg, an independent investigation by the Harvard Law said.
Atlas of Gold Landscape Transformation of Johannesburg
Founded in 1912, The University of Hong Kong is the leading and oldest tertiary institute in Hong Kong. In the early years, the University was host to four Faculties Arts, Engineering, Medicine and Science.
Though gold was discovered near Krugersdorp in July 1852 and mining activities started successively in various places on the Witwatersrand (meaning Ridge of White Waters), the first gold from the Main Reef on the Witwatersrand was obtained in 1885, after which Johannesburg was laid out in 1886.
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Gold Mining Exploits and the Legacies of Johannesburg
Mining activity is a deeply destructive process with consequences that continue to affect many industrial cities around the world. Hinged on extracting wealth and driving down costs to maximise profits, the direct impacts of the physical extraction of minerals and the more nuanced implications of the mining industry on society and the